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Top 10 Central Government Schemes for farmers in India

Top 10 Central Government Schemes for farmers in India

    Top 10 Central Government Schemes for farmers in India

09 Jun, 2023

As farming and agriculture are two key factors shaping and supporting the Indian economy, the Indian government provides adequate support to this industry. One viable way to support the Indian agriculture industry is to launch government schemes for farmers related to funding and professional aid. 

Gladly, the Indian government pays attention on this front and keeps on launching new government subsidy schemes for farmers and if you want to take benefits from these schemes for agriculture, you need to get familiar with them. 

In this post, we’re going to talk about the list of agriculture schemes in India and the key benefits of these central government subsidy schemes for agriculture.

What is a Central Government Scheme?

A Central Government Scheme is a program or initiative that is implemented and supervised by a country's central government. These programs are usually intended to solve specific concerns, give advantages, or encourage growth in various sectors of the country's economy or society. 

The goals of central government schemes for farmers might vary greatly depending on the government's aims and policies. In India, they primarily aim to improve the infrastructure for farmers, enhance rural development, promote job creation in the agriculture industry, and provide sufficient funding to the farmers. 

The central government aims to maximize farm output and generate employment in the agriculture sector. To achieve this aim it intends to introduce various government schemes for farmers in India.The goal of the central government is to develop innovative services that tend to increase the employment rate and better agriculture output.


Why are Government Schemes Necessary?

Government schemes are necessary to provide better and sustainable livelihood to its citizens. Like any other sector, the agriculture sector also needs the attention of the government. The majority of the population in India is dependent on agriculture and allied activities for their livelihood.

Schemes of government for farmers help the farming community in planning and organizing their farming activities prudently. The government is quite aware that the agriculture sector contributes a major chunk of the GDP of the economy. For the economy to prosper the government pays special attention to this sector.

During the days of complete lockdown, the Indian economy suffered a drawback by recording almost 24 percent negative development during the primary quarter of FY 2020-21. Agriculture was the only sector that recorded a positive growth of 3.4 percent.

10 Central Government Agriculture Schemes in India

central government schemes for farmers in india

Since independence, the central government has introduced many schemes for the agriculture sector. Here, we’re going to highlight and discuss the top 10 agriculture schemes in India that the central government introduced.  

1. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

pradhan mantri krishi sinchai yojana

At the top of the list of agricultural schemes in India is the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, or PMKSY, a centrally funded initiative started by the Government of India in 2015. Its goal is to increase farm output and ensure the efficient use of water resources in the agricultural sector. The scheme's major goal is to increase the area under irrigation and improve water efficiency through various components and interventions.

Have a look at the key objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana:

Har Khet Ko Pani (Water for Every Field): This agriculture scheme aims to provide assured irrigation to every farm field and ensure the optimal use of available water resources.

Per Drop More Crop: The focus is on promoting micro-irrigation techniques such as drip irrigation, sprinklers, and precision irrigation to achieve higher water-use efficiency and increase agricultural productivity.

Convergence of Resources: The scheme emphasizes the convergence of various resources and departments to achieve a comprehensive and holistic approach toward water management and irrigation infrastructure development.


2. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

paramparagat krishi vikas yojana

The national government established another agriculture scheme for farmers in 2015. This scheme was Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana. The scheme's goal was to encourage organic agricultural practices in India. The initiative promotes farmers to use traditional and organic farming practices, reducing their reliance on chemical inputs. Its goals include increasing soil fertility, promoting sustainable agriculture, and ensuring the production of chemical-free, nutritious agricultural goods.

Some important elements and components of the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana are as follows:

Organic agricultural promotion: This government subsidy scheme for farmers encourages the use of organic agricultural practices such as organic manures, bio-fertilizers, traditional seeds, and natural pest and disease management strategies.

Cluster-based approach: The project has a cluster-based strategy, in which a group of farmers (minimum 50 acres) practicing organic farming is grouped into clusters to promote better implementation, monitoring, and resource management.

Financial Help: Under this important government scheme in agriculture sector, farmers are given financial assistance to help them adopt organic agricultural practices. This includes support with organic input procurement, the creation of vermicomposting units, the establishment of seed banks, and capacity-building initiatives.

Certification assistance: PKVY assists farmers in acquiring organic certification for their produce. This allows farmers to get access to premium markets while also ensuring the authenticity of their organic products.


3. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

pradhan mantri fasal bima yojana

Lose of crops is a major issue in India and it leads to farmer suicide as well. To address this issue, the central government launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) in the year 2016.  

It is a crop insurance-related agriculture scheme that attempts to offer farmers financial assistance and risk reduction in the event of crop loss or damage caused by natural disasters, pests, and diseases. It aims to guarantee the agricultural sector's overall stability and to shield farmers from financial hardship caused by crop losses.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Voluntary engagement is important for:

Complete protection: Under this government scheme for farmers in India all food crops, oilseeds, and annual commercial/horticultural crops are covered by the plan. It comprises hazards from pre-sowing to post-harvest, such as drought, floods, cyclones, pests, diseases, and so on.

Premium subsidy: The farmer and the government split the cost of crop insurance premiums. Farmers' premiums are subsidized, making insurance more inexpensive and accessible.

Crop-cutting experiments (CCEs): CCEs are carried out to determine crop output and loss in the event of an insured occurrence. CCE yield data is utilized for claim settlement.

Technology support: PMFBY uses technology for data collecting, premium computation, enrollment, and claim settlement. Remote sensing, cell phones, and satellite photos are used to estimate crop losses more quickly and accurately.

Insurance firms and banks: Insurance companies and banks are stakeholders in the plan. Insurance companies offer coverage, while banks handle the enrollment and premium collection.


4. Gramin Bhandaran Yojana

gramin bhandaran yojana

Up next in this list of agricultural schemes in India is Gramin Bhandaran Yojana for Rural Godown Scheme. It was launched in the year 2001 by the Indian government to provide financial assistance for the construction of rural storage infrastructure. 

This major scheme for farmers in India addressed the huge shortage of storage facilities in rural areas because of which Indian farmers had to face huge post-harvest losses and distress selling of agricultural produce.

Under this government scheme for farmers, financial assistance is provided in the form of subsidies to eligible individuals, farmers, and organizations for the construction of storage infrastructure such as godowns (warehouses), cold storage, and other post-harvest management facilities. Hence, it’s one of the most useful central government subsidy schemes for agriculture. 

With the help of this farmer welfare scheme, Indian farmers were able to: 

- Reduce the post-harvest losses as they were able to build proper storage infrastructure to store their products safely and prevent spoilage.

- Store the crops in a better manner.  


5. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY)

pradhan mantri kisan maan dhan yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY) is a pension scheme launched by the Government of India to provide social security to small and marginal farmers. This scheme is especially for farmers between the age of 18-40 years and aims to ensure that farmers are having a continual source of income even when they are not able to work in fields. It was launched in September 2019 as part of the government's efforts to address the welfare and financial needs of farmers. 

The Scheme is regulated by the Department of Agriculture. The farmer has to register themselves under the pension fund. To get the benefit of this scheme

This is relatively a new scheme for farmers offering them a minimum monthly income of INR 3,000 for farmers after the age of 60.

central government schemes for farmers


6. PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

pm kisan samman nidhi yojana

The next central government agriculture scheme that we want to list here is PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana. Let’s understand what this scheme is. It is a government-funded scheme that aims to provide ample income support to small and marginal farmers in India. 

The main objective of the scheme is to transfer an amount of INR 6000 to the account of farmers annually so that they can easily take care of their farming implements and other agriculture-related expenses without any fear or concern. 

Some sure-shot benefits of this farmer welfare scheme are: 

- Constant income support

- Financial stability  

- Less dependency on the informal credits 

- Poverty alleviation


7. Micro Irrigation Fund scheme

micro irrigation fund scheme

The scheme is aimed to remove the hurdles of irrigation in India, which is a very common agriculture issue. Most farmers are dependent on rain for their crops. With the help of this scheme, the government aims to provide irrigation facilities to all the farmers in India.

The Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF) scheme promotes the adoption of micro-irrigation techniques and offers adequate financial assistance for this process. The funds of this scheme are managed by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). 

The scheme later became National Mission On Irrigation in the year 2010-2011. With the help of this scheme, farmers avail benefits like: 

- Adopt micro-irrigation techniques and help in conserving water resources and addressing water scarcity issues.

- Enjoy increased crop production as water will be supplied directly to the roots. 

- Improve water use efficiency in farming and Reduce water wastage. 


8. E-NAM


Electronic National Agriculture Marketing (E-NAM) portal that connects pans India’s existing mandis. The purpose of the scheme is to create a pan-India market for agricultural goods. Mandis across India can choose to join the platform voluntarily and benefit from its features.

Additionally, E-NAM introduces the concept of a single unified license for traders, enabling them to operate in multiple mandis across different states. 

This scheme is succeeded in: 

- Providing farmers direct access to a national market and expanding market opportunities for farmers. 

- This major scheme for farmers in India promotes transparency in pricing by displaying real-time information about market prices. 

- Eliminating the need for physical market visits, which saves time and reduces transportation costs for farmers.  


9. Kisan Credit Card (KCC)

kisan credit card

In 1998, This scheme was launched to provide credit facilities to farmers. The aim of this scheme is to provide enough credit to farmers for their agriculture/farming expenses. The exclusive focus of this scheme is on providing timely credit assistance for basic expenses like buying seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, machinery, and other inputs.

It offers multiple repayment options to make sure that all sorts of farmers can have customized funding facilities. This reduces the financial burden on farmers during the cultivation period.

Have a look at a few key benefits of this important government scheme in agriculture sector:

- The interest rates on KCC loans are relatively lower compared to other forms of credit available to farmers. 

- It starts with a simple process and doesn't ask for heavy documentation. 

- The KCC provides credit for various purposes related to agriculture, including crop cultivation, post-harvest expenses, maintenance of farm assets, working capital requirements, and even investment in allied agricultural activities. 


10. National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

national mission for sustainable agriculture

Lastly, we have the National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture scheme to include in this list of agricultural schemes in India. It’s a flagship program designed to promote sustainable agriculture practices. 

It promotes climate-smart agricultural practices such as conservation agriculture, precision farming, agroforestry, and the use of climate-resilient crop varieties.These practices help farmers adapt to changing climatic conditions, reduce the risks associated with extreme weather events, and ensure agricultural productivity and food security.

Below mentioned are some of the notable benefits of this farmer welfare scheme:

- It emphasizes soil health management using approaches like organic farming, the use of organic manures and biofertilizers, soil testing, and balanced nutrient management. 

- This major scheme for farmers in India promotes the adoption of micro-irrigation systems such as drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation, which optimize water use and minimize water wastage. 

- It promotes the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources, encourages the cultivation of traditional and indigenous crops, and supports the conservation of native species and habitats. 



After learning about all these government subsidy schemes for farmers in India, we have no qualms to declare that an Indian farmer has more in their favor than anybody could think. These central government agriculture schemes are mere support for our national heroes to help them with agricultural practices most easily and productively. Tractor Gyan keeps an account and insightful data on all these central government subsidy schemes for agriculture to help them get valuable information. Keep visiting our site.

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Recently Asked Question about Top 10 Central Government Schemes for farmers in India

What are the Government schemes of India 2023?

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana are the most popular government schemes for farmers.

What is Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana?

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is a scheme to provide irrigation facilities to farmers.

What is Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana?

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is a scheme to promote traditional farming practices.

What is Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana?

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana is a crop insurance scheme.

What is Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana?

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana is a pension scheme for farmers

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Entire schemes are good should be utilised by the farmers

user reviewBy Dr m p hiremath  22-11-2023

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