Importance and types of Cash crops in India | Tractorgyan

Home| All Blogs| Importance and types of Cash crops in India | Tractorgyan

Importance and types of Cash crops in India | Tractorgyan

    Importance and types of Cash crops in India | Tractorgyan

30 Nov, 2022

Agricultural activity is one of the major demands and primary activity in the country of India. Farmers depend on agriculture for their basic livelihood. Nearly 40 percent of the farmers rely on mechanization which is a modern method of farming for bringing out cultivation and 60 percent use traditional methods of farming.

Farmers grow a wide variety of crops either for self-consumption or to sell them in the market and keep the rest with them as a surplus for future needs. To carry out the selling of crops in the market farmers must implant a growth of kind of crops which is mainly used and sowed for selling them in the market and earning an income out of it.

What are Cash Crops?

Contrary to subsistence crops, which are grown for the farmer's consumption, cash crops are agricultural products grown to be sold on the market or exported for a profit (like livestock feeding or food for the family). 

Cereals, oilseeds, coffee, chocolate, sugar cane, vegetables, fruits (including avocado and oranges), peanuts, cotton, and tobacco are a few examples of common food and non-food income crops. Large-scale production of cash crops, particularly in developing nations, might conflict with local communities' needs for resources and land use. Farmers' incomes depend on the prices of main cash crops since they are affected by them.


Why are cash crops important?

cash crops

  1. Cash crops are important for farmers for them to make money and raise their standard of living. It helps in creating employment opportunities in agriculture and agro-based industries further strengthening Ing and developing the economy. Raising the cash for agricultural investment and rural development encourages agricultural innovation. 
  2. As the human population increases, so will the demand for food. Finding solutions to meet that need becomes necessary at that point. The cultivation of such crops is a crucial step in achieving global food security because it focuses on increasing yields and producing quality.
  3. Future of money the idea of sustainable agricultural intensification, which strives to combine increasing agricultural output with environmental conservation, is the foundation of crop farming. Using methods like micro-dosing fertilizers, intercropping, genetic crop advances, etc., entails maintaining soil fertility, biodiversity, and other ecosystem services. The only way to guarantee long-term food security is to reduce environmental impact.


What is the risk of growing cash crops?

  1. Degradation of the soil impacts both the quality and quantity of the produce. 
  2. A lack of quality homogeneity. 
  3. Price sensitivity in many markets due to pests or drought, harvest failure loss of market access, as might occur during a pandemic.  
  4. Farmers should steer clear of such commodities because it wouldn't be possible to transfer them to their desired markets promptly when some countries are under lockdown and interstate travel is restricted.


Below are some of the most profitable cash crops grown in India which provide high yields and productivity:

1. Cotton


Cotton is a cash crop that is grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas with high temperatures varying from 21 degrees to 30 degrees Celsius with an annual rainfall of 50 to 100 cm. A good crop benefits from a lot of rainfall at the start and sunny, dry weather as the crop ripens. 

It is primarily a Kharif crop, but it is also planted as a Rabi crop in Tamilnadu. It thrives on the Deccan Plateau's deep black (regur) soils as well as the alluvial soils of the Satluj- Ganga plain. 

India is the world's third-largest cotton producer, behind China and the United States. Gujarat is the state that produces the most cotton in India. 

However, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka are also growing it.


2. Jute


Jute is also one of the most profitable grown cash crops. It needs high temperatures between 240 and 350 degrees Celsius, significant rainfall of 120 to 150 cm, and relative humidity of 80 to 90 percent. 

Not only is a large amount of water needed to produce the crop, but also to process the crop's fiber once it has been collected. For the jute, light sandy or clayey loams are said to be ideal. Jute must be grown and processed with a plentiful supply of inexpensive labour. Just five states—West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha—produce more than 99% of all the jute consumed in India, with West Bengal being the top producer.


3. Sugarcane


This is the primary source of gur, Khandsari, and sugar; it is a member of the bamboo family. 

It is a crop that takes a long time to mature, taking about 10-15 months. 

It needs a hot, humid climate with annual rainfall ranging from 75 to 150 cm and average temperatures of 21 to 270 C. The best time for harvesting is during a brief, chilly, dry winter season. Numerous types of soils, including loams, clayey loams, black cotton soils, brown or reddish loams, and even laterites, are suitable for their growth. Any soil that can hold moisture can support the growth of sugarcane, but the soil should be rich in nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus.

India's top producer is Uttar Pradesh, followed by Maharashtra. Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Uttarakhand, and Punjab are some other states.


4. Tobacco 


Tobacco requires a temperature as high as 350 C. It needs 100 cm of yearly rainfall, but it can also be cultivated with irrigation. The optimum soil types for tobacco are well-drained friable sandy loams that are rich in mineral salts but not overly rich in organic materials. After China and Brazil, India is the third-largest tobacco producer in the world. About 65% of the nation's production is produced in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, followed by Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. Gujarat is India's top tobacco grower.


5. Oilseeds


India has the greatest area and production of oilseeds in the world; however, it should be highlighted that this production has always fallen short of our demand, forcing imports to satisfy our population's needs. 

Groundnut, sesame, rapeseed, linseed, castor seed, sunflower, and soybean are the oilseeds grown in India. 

Both the Kharif and Rabi crops are planted there. Red, yellow, and black cotton soils, as well as light sandy loams that drain well, are excellent for cultivation. It needs temperatures between 20 and 300 C and 50 to 75 cm of rainfall to thrive, and tropical climates are ideal. Behind China, India is the world's second-largest producer of groundnuts. Four states—Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Rajasthan—produce 70% of all goods produced in India. The biggest producer is in Andhra Pradesh.


About Tractor Gyan

Tractor Gyan is a digital marketplace that allows users to buy and sell tractor, Tractor finance, Tractor insurance and service both new and their old tractors at Tractor Gyan.

Followed by the buying and purchasing of the tractor’s tractor Gyan is well specialized and equipped with the knowledge of farming implements for all your tractor needs, wants, and specs, turn to Tractor Gyan. We give you detailed insights on the price, features, and specifics of tractors from a variety of brands, including Mahindra tractor, Swaraj Tractor, Massey Ferguson Tractor, and others.

Tractor Gyan is an intermediary or a link between the tractor brands and the farmers of our nation we even instill the concepts and information regarding the agricultural and farming activities news.

With the tap of just one click, we are solely responsible for enabling the users to get a vivid range of tractors from the latest to second-hand or used or old tractors everything is available on our website.


Read More What is Commercial Farming? Features, forms and advantages | Tractorgyan
Commercial farming involves farming a single crop over the entire piece of land for the commercial purpose for say imports and exports of the crops.... Dryland Farming: Importance & Different types of Dryland Farming | Tractorgyan
Dryland agriculture is the practice of growing crops solely with natural rainfall and without the use of irrigation.... Green Manure: Types and Importance of Green Manure for Farmers | Tractorgyan
Green manure is a method used in agriculture to increase soil fertility. It is accomplished by leaving uprooted or sowed crop fragments on the field t...

Top searching blogs about Tractors and Agriculture

Top 10 Tractor brands in india To 10 Agro Based Indutries in India
Rabi Crops and Zaid Crops seasons in India Commercial Farming
DBT agriculture Traditional and Modern Farming
Top 9 mileage tractor in India Top 5 tractor tyres brands
Top 11 agriculture states in India top 13 powerful tractors in india
Tractor Subsidy in India Top 10 tractors under 5 Lakhs
Top 12 agriculture tools in India 40 Hp-50 Hp Tractors in India

Write Comment About Blog.

Enter your review about the blog through the form below.

Customer Reviews

Dear admin, Good work!

By Anke Schnieders  02-03-2023

Popular Posts

सोनालीका डीआई 750 III सिकंदर : 4 इंजन सिलेंडर के साथ देता है दमदार माइलेज

सोनालीका ट्रैक्टर निर्माण में एक अग्रणी कंपनी है। सोनालीका भारत में सर्वश्रेष्ठ ट्रैक्टरों और इंजनों...

पॉवर ट्रैक यूरो 50 पावरहाउस : 2000 कि.ग्रा वजन उठाने की क्षमता वाला दमदार ट्रैक्टर

पॉवरट्रैक भारत में भरोसेमंद ब्रांडों में से एक है। पॉवरट्रैक एस्कॉर्ट समूह का ट्रैक्टर हैं। पॉव...

DBT Agriculture Registration, Schemes and Benefits in 2023

It’s time for farmers to avail benefits from the DBT agriculture scheme. Let's uncover its...

tractorgyan offeringsTractorGyan Offerings

POPULAR SECOND HAND TRACTORSPopular Second hand Tractors