15 Nov, 2022
Being a Farmer the most important task falls under his role is the health of the soil and crop and to maintain the adequate health and fertility of the soil the most essential aspect which needs to be taken into consideration is the presence of decomposers which enhance the growth and fertility of the soils and the crop altogether
A method used in agriculture to increase soil fertility is green manure. It is accomplished by leaving uprooted or sowed crop fragments on the field to wither and act as mulch and soil nutrients. Cover crops like grasses or legumes are frequently the plants used in green manure.
Animal waste is not connected to green manure. To boost the organic content of the soil and replenish nutrients that the soil might have lost during cultivation, it permits plants and crops to decompose on the field.
Alongside the primary crops, green manure crops are produced to reduce soil erosion, preserve fertility, and give the soil time to recover (kind of like crop rotation).
How does green manure work?
The main purpose or role of green manure is to prepare the soil for the subsequent growth of crops. Green manure derives nutrients from the soil. These crops are tilled into the soil while they are still green rather than being harvested and removed from the land since doing so would deplete the nutrients. Plants slowly disintegrate when returned to the soil and release these nutrients over time for the benefit of the following crop.
In addition, green manure provides a variety of soil creatures and bacteria with food. For the health of the soil, the diversity of the flora is crucial. They facilitate the spread of organic materials in soils through their mobility and activity, which also contribute to the development of sound soil structure.
Types of green manure:
There are mainly two types of green manure which are present:
Advantages of green manure and why it is essential for farmers:
The condition of performing intensive farming techniques, especially regarding this havoc climatic conditions, uneven weather patterns, soil erosion, and land contamination due to synthetic chemicals makes the farmer change their farming approaches or techniques.
Green manure proves to be a reasonable and cost-effective way to ensure long-term productivity in the agricultural fields
It rejuvenates vital organic matter and nutrients in the soil, giving it new life and increased productivity. Legumes are used in green manure techniques because they have microorganisms that fix nitrogen in the soil in their roots. The farmer will be able to save money by not needing synthetic fertilizers as a result.
The topsoil's increased stability prevents soil erosion. Adding porosity and aeration to the soil serves to enhance the overall structure of the soil.
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