04 Apr, 2022
India has always been known for its strong agricultural sector and till now the agriculture sector of India is responsible for more than 50% of the employment of the Indian workforce. It is also responsible for almost 17-18% of India’s GDP. Hence, making it an important sector of the country.
The continuous development and advancement of this sector have made India’s grocery and food market the sixth-largest market in the world. This continuous advancement in this field is important for our country as almost half of the population of this country is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood.
With this said let’s look at the top contributing states of India. So here is the list of the top 10 agricultural states in India.
West Bengal is India's leading grain producer especially when it comes to rice. As it produces almost 146.05 lakh tonnes of rice, with a yield of 2600 kilos per hectare every year. Along with rice and jute, West Bengal is also known for the production of various spices such as chilli, ginger, garlic, coriander, and turmeric.
While Rice and Jute production is on the lead, crops like sesamum, tobacco also helps in making West Bengal one of the top 10 agricultural states in India. Along with these various other crops that are grown in West Bengal includes fruits mango, litchi, pineapple, guava, and orange and vegetables such as cauliflower, tomato, cucumbers, cabbage, okra, and brinjal. Hence basically West Bengal is a hub of mostly all kinds of crops making it the leading agricultural state of India.
The annual production of 22.5 million tonnes of wheat has no wonder made Uttar Pradesh the leading wheat-producing state of India. Suitable weather condition for wheat production in Uttar Pradesh encourages farmers to cultivate wheat on almost 96 lakh hectares of land annually, hence making it such a large producer of wheat.
But it is for sure that wheat isn’t only responsible for making Uttar Pradesh a leading agricultural state of India. Many crops such as bajra, rice, sugarcane etc. have played a major role in it too. Especially if we talk about sugarcane, Uttar Pradesh is known for its sugarcane production as its hot and humid climate make it the best site for the production of sugarcane. So just like wheat, sugarcane too is grown massively on almost 2.17 million hectares of land resulting in annual production of almost 145.39 million tonnes of sugar. Hence, making Uttar Pradesh a leading producer of sugar too.
Punjab is known all over the world for its fertile and productive land, hence also known as the Breakfast of India. As it is suitable for the growth of almost every kind of fruit whether it food grains like wheat or rice, or whether it's about other crops such as sugarcane, fruits and vegetables, Punjab has it all.
Most of the land that is almost 93% of Punjab’s land is utilised in the production of food grains which usually keeps increasing every year. Hence, making Punjab the third-largest food grain producing state of India. Punjab is not only known for its fertility but also for its efficient irrigation system which helps farmers to make their fields more efficient and productive.
We all know how the weather of Gujarat makes it unbelievable for us to believe that Gujarat comes in the top 10 agricultural states of India, but at the same time, we have also seen the tremendous progress Gujarat has made in the last few years. Its thoughtful investments and planning in various fields such as agriculture, energy, and manufacturing have not only made it come forward in agriculture but also in many different fields.
Gujarat is now the largest cotton-producing state of India leaving behind Maharashtra and Telangana. It shows how even after having unpredictable weather, Gujarat’s farmers and their advanced farming techniques have made Gujarat flourish. Along with cotton Gujarat also produces various crops such as groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane.
Being a part of India, Haryana’s agriculture has seen tremendous growth in its agricultural sector since the 1970s. With the help of the green revolution, advanced farming techniques and irrigation system, today Haryana stands as one of the major food grains contributors in the central pool of India. Some of the major crops grown in Haryana include wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize, millet etc.
When it comes to oilseeds such as sunflower, Haryana stands as the second-largest producer of sunflower seeds all over India. Hence making it one of the most important and top 10 agricultural states of India. Not only in crop production but the people of Haryana are also highly engaged in animal husbandry. As almost Haryana’s 70% of the population is engaged in agriculture, this gives its population a push to engage in animal husbandry as a source of side income.
Being the second-largest producer of food grains and one of the major producers of pulses there’s no way Madhya Pradesh wouldn’t make it to the top 10 agricultural states of India. Madhya Pradesh’s suitable climate and good soil condition make it suitable for a variety of crops such as pulses, food grains and soybean.
When it comes to pulses Madhya Pradesh has left behind all other states in terms of its production making it one of the important agricultural states of India. And not only pulses but Madhya Pradesh also stands at the top when it comes to soybean production, while some of the other major crops grown in this state include wheat, maize, and other pulses. The agricultural sector of Madhya Pradesh contributes to almost 14% of the state GDP hence making the agriculture sector important for the state’s economy.
Whenever it comes to tea the first state that always comes to our mind is Assam, no wonder it is the largest tea producing state of India. Even after being one of the top 10 agricultural states, it's sadly one of the underdeveloped states of India. Its economy is mostly dependent on agriculture making 70% of its total population dependent on agriculture. But still, this doesn’t stop Assam from producing best in class tea including various types of tea such as Nilgiri tea, Darjeeling tea, Assam tea, and Kangra tea.
Andhra Pradesh is another important agricultural state of India. It is responsible for the production of many important crops such as rice, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, etc. Among these crops, rice is one of the major crops grown in Andhra Pradesh.
Andhra Pradesh is not only famous for the above crops but for its horticulture, that is its fruits production. More than half of the population of Andhra Pradesh is dependent on agriculture making the agricultural sector important for the state.
Karnataka's suitable weather for a variety of crops makes it the largest producer of many different crops such as coffee, maize, sunflower, and ragi. This not only makes Karnataka’s agriculture important for the state’s economy but also for the country’s economy. As 70% of the coffee production of the country is dependent on Karnataka. Along with this Karnataka also produces many different Kharif crops such as Rice, maize, moong dal, red chilli, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton and rabi crops such as Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas.
Chhattisgarh is another important agricultural state of India as it is one of the major rice-producing states of India. Almost 77% of land in Chhattisgarh is utilised for rice cultivation. Along with this some of the major crops of Chhattisgarh include millets and maize.
Chhattisgarh is also the third-largest producer of Niger seeds in the country while it also produces many different crops such as medicinal crops such as jamarosa, E. citridora, pamarosa, and lemongrass, vegetable crops such as Cucurbits, cabbage, beans, and cauliflower fruit crops such as Lime, Cashew-nut, guava, cheku, and Mango, and spices such as Ginger, turmeric, methi, coriander, chilli, and garlic.
Not only these states but each and every state of India plays an important role in the agricultural sector of India. And this continuous advancement and innovation in this sector will keep making this sector better.
We really hope you found this list of the top 10 agricultural states in India helpful. Do check out our website for more such blogs and any inquiry related to tractors and their implements.
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