Different Types of Farming and there factors in India

Home| All Blogs| Different Types of Farming and there factors in India

Different Types of Farming and there factors in India

    Different Types of Farming and there factors in India

03 Dec, 2022

Farming is the integral or the most essential activity carried out in our economy. Agriculture is the primary sector of the economy and nearly employs 60 to 65 % of the total population. 

Farming activities have been expanding their area of development through new and various types of innovation and use of technology along with a tasked labor force. Farming includes crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, etc. depending upon the seasonal, geographical, soil, and demand in the economy.

What are the factors that affect farming activities?

Farming activities in India are mainly dependent on or affected by the following factors:

  1. Climatic conditions
  2. Nature and proportion of soil
  3. Condition or texture of the land
  4. Irrigational facilities and other


To understand more about farming we have made a list of different types of farming that are practised in India.

1. Subsistence Farming

Subsistence farming

In India, subsistence farming is the predominant or most common style of farming. Farmers primarily engage in subsistence farming for their own consumption. They grow the crops, harvest them, and produce them, but because they are primarily grown for families, there is never any extra to sell on the market. 

Even though subsistence farming is carried out manually, it has access to irrigation, electricity, and other essential facilities. 

The entire subsistence farming process is carried out for the farmer's own consumption, and the landholding is typically modest and dispersed.


2. Primitive subsistence farming 

Primitive Subsistence farming

Primitive subsistence farming is a type of subsistence farming where farming is practised mainly over small patches of land using agricultural tools like hoe, Dao, digging sticks, etc.

Primitive subsistence farming depends on the monsoons, soil fertility, and other environmental considerations. Two examples are shifting agriculture and nomadic herding. 

Farmers who practice primitive subsistence farming cultivate food for their families as well as themselves. The little surplus can be exchanged as goods or can be sold for money. Due to the farmers' lack of ties to or dependency on landlords or traders, there is a high degree of rural independence even though the economic condition of the rural areas seems to be static and not improving.


3. Intensive Farming 

Intensive Farming

Intensive Farming is a type of farming where farmers cultivate the crop in small farmers to receive the maximum output by employing high tasks of the labour force and agricultural tools additionally using chemical pesticides and insecticides to increase productivity.

With limited resources, intensive farming aims to produce as much as possible on tiny farms with as little work as possible. In this type of farming, farmers can grow more than one crop each year, and each hectare of land requires a significant investment of both money and effort. The bulk of our nation's heavily populated areas practices it.


4. Extensive Farming

Extensive farming, sometimes known as mechanical farming because of the extensive use of equipment, is a modern method of farming practiced on huge farms. Extensive farming produces only one harvest per year and employs significantly less labor and capital per hectare of land than intensive farming.

Extensive farming refers to the utilization of a wide area of land for cultivation. Because of the bigger area, total production may be high, but per unit production is low.


5. Commercial farming 

Commercial Farming

Commercial farming is a type of farming that is responsible for generating a high amount of revenue in the economy through its practice. Commercial farming is mainly practised in most of the states of India like Gujarat. Haryana, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. Commercial crops mainly involve the use of chemical pesticides, insecticides, and weed killers it ensures the cultivation of the crop over a large patch of land and uses sufficient to a lot of amounts of water.

Commercial farming being heavily used and strong in its approach employs many people in this farming activity and leads to the generation of employment opportunities, on the other hand, is practised for earning profit in the economy it facilitates foreign exchange policies too.


6. Plantation Farming 

Plantation Farming

Plantation agriculture is an extensive type of farming where a single crop, also referred to as a monoculture, is grown on a large farm. Plantation crops are frequently cash crops, meaning they sell for high prices on the global market. Among the produce that is most frequently grown on plantations are sugarcane, coffee, cocoa, bananas, and pineapples.

Plantation agriculture or farming produces high-quality crops, it provides employment opportunities Modern plantation farming techniques are used. crops exported, with the proceeds going toward other things. The harvests that have been developed include tea, espresso, sugarcane, and elastic the cost of doing this was high.


7. Dry Land Farming

Dry land farming

The practice of cultivating crops without water in areas with an annual rainfall of 750 mm to 500 mm or less is known as dry farming, sometimes known as dry-land farming. It is utilized in areas with little rainfall or insufficient irrigation. By utilizing crops, this type of farming preserves moisture.


8. Wet land farming

Wet land farming

Wetland farming is a type of farming practised in areas that are highly dependent upon rains and generally, it is practised in rainy seasons only when the climate is moist with well-irrigated areas and the soil seems sufficient to hold and retain moisture. 


9. Mixed farming 

Mixed farming

Multiple types of crops are grown on a single plot of land in a process known as mixed farming, which is popular in India. Farmers have found mixed framing to be advantageous because it enables them to plant multiple crops quickly.


Importance of farming in Modern Society:

1. Farming provides a source of income in rural areas: Farming or agricultural practices provide a source of employment or contribute to the revenue in the society as it creates employment opportunities for many people who are disguised as unemployed in the rural areas.

2. Farming improves the environmental condition: Farming provides environmental advantages for say, as a farmer, you can contribute to maintaining the vital balance of life needed for the environment to thrive by recognizing and prioritizing the biodiversity on your land. 

For humans and other animals to survive over the long term, healthy biodiversity is essential. Additionally, it immediately improves soil health, lowers erosion, produces healthier pollinators, and makes it possible for more efficient water conservation—all of which are critical for productive farming.


A new Step in farming is organic farming :

The practice of organic farming paves the way for reliable food sources. Through crop rotation, cover crops, and soil tilling, organic farmers try to increase the fertility of their soil. Farmers enable groundwater to preserve greater purity and cleanliness by preventing the use of pesticides. These techniques promote crop biodiversity, preserve more natural areas around farms, and develop flora and wildlife habitats.


About Tractor Gyan

Tractor Gyan is a digital marketplace that allows users to buy and sell tractor, Tractor finance, Tractor insurance and service both new and their old tractors at Tractor Gyan.

Followed by the buying and purchasing of the tractor’s tractor Gyan is well specialized and equipped with the knowledge of farming implements for all your tractor needs, wants, and specs, turn to Tractor Gyan. We give you detailed insights on the price, features, and specifics of tractors from a variety of brands, including Mahindra tractor, Swaraj Tractor, Massey Ferguson Tractor, and others.

Tractor Gyan is an intermediary or a link between the tractor brands and the farmers of our nation we even instill the concepts and information regarding the agricultural and farming activities news.

With the tap of just one click, we are solely responsible for enabling the users to get a vivid range of tractors from the latest to second-hand or used or old tractors everything is available on our website.


Read More

https://images.tractorgyan.com/uploads/27435/637c872b63a21_commercial-farming.jpg What is Commercial Farming? Features, forms and advantages | Tractorgyan
Commercial farming involves farming a single crop over the entire piece of land for the commercial purpose for say imports and exports of the crops....
https://images.tractorgyan.com/uploads/27380/636f345b9afa8_blog-(2).jpg Dryland Farming: Importance & Different types of Dryland Farming | Tractorgyan
Dryland agriculture is the practice of growing crops solely with natural rainfall and without the use of irrigation....
https://images.tractorgyan.com/uploads/27398/637363e430fe0_green-manure.jpg Green Manure: Types and Importance of Green Manure for Farmers | Tractorgyan
Green manure is a method used in agriculture to increase soil fertility. It is accomplished by leaving uprooted or sowed crop fragments on the field t...

Top searching blogs about Tractors and Agriculture

Top 10 Tractor brands in india To 10 Agro Based Indutries in India
Rabi Crops and Zaid Crops seasons in India Commercial Farming
DBT agriculture Traditional and Modern Farming
Top 9 mileage tractor in India Top 5 tractor tyres brands
Top 11 agriculture states in India top 13 powerful tractors in india
Tractor Subsidy in India Top 10 tractors under 5 Lakhs
Top 12 agriculture tools in India 40 Hp-50 Hp Tractors in India

Write Comment About Blog.

Enter your review about the blog through the form below.

Customer Reviews

Hello tractorgyan.com admin, Your posts are always interesting.

By Jamika Peck  23-02-2023

Popular Posts


Escorts Kubota creates history by selling over 1 lac tractor in FY23

Faridabad, April 1st, 2023: Escorts Kubota Limited Agri Machinery business in March 2023 sold 10,305...


एस्कॉर्ट्स कुबोटा लिमिटेड ने वित्तीय वर्ष'23 में 1 लाख से अधिक ट्रैक्टर बेचकर रचा इतिहास

फरीदाबाद, 1 अप्रैल, 2023: एस्कॉर्ट्स कुबोटा लिमिटेड द्वारा मार्च 2023 में 10,305 ट्रैक्टर बेचे गए और...


VST registers growth with 45122 Power Tillers and Tractors sales in FY23

Today, Vst Tillers Tractors Ltd. disclose the VST tractor sales report for March 2023. If we look in...

tractorgyan offeringsTractorGyan Offerings

POPULAR SECOND HAND TRACTORSPopular Second hand Tractors