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Agriculture News । आज की खेती की खबर 17/07/2020

    Agriculture News । आज की खेती की खबर 17/07/2020

ट्रैक्टरज्ञान आपके लिये लाया है कृषि जगत से जुड़ी आज की मुख्य खबरें!

17 Jul, 2020

1.हल्दी की इस किस्म से सालभर करें खेती


 

सामान्यता खरीफ में उगाई जाने वाली हल्दी अब सभी तरह की जलवायु में उगाई जा सकती है । सब्जी विज्ञान विभाग द्वारा विकसित की गई हल्दी की उन्नत किस्म एनडीएच 98 की बुवाई करने पर आपको ज्यादा उपज मिल सकती है । इस किस्म की खेती करने के लिए 35 डिग्री सेल्सियस तापमान और 1500 मिलीमीटर से अधिक वर्षा उपयुक्त होती है । इसकी खेती 4 से 7.5 पीएच वाली रेतीली, मटियार , दोमट मिट्टी में भी की जा सकती है । पहली वर्षा होते ही किसान खेत तैयार कर ले । इसके लिए कम से कम चार बार गहरी जुताई करें ।50 सेंटीमीटर की दूरी पर 1 मीटर चौड़ा और 15 सेंटीमीटर ऊंचा बैड तैयार कर ले । 

किसान अच्छी तरह विकसित और रोग रहित प्रकंद के टुकड़े को ही बुवाई के लिए इस्तेमाल करें । 20 से 30 सेंटीमीटर के अंतर पर गड्ढे करके उसमें खाद भरकर 25000 किलो प्रति हेक्टेयर की दर से बीज प्रकंद को रखकर ऊपर से मिट्टी डालें । 50 किलो नाइट्रोजन 40 किलो फास्फोरस और 120 किलो प्रति हेक्टेयर की दर से उर्वरक डालें और बुवाई के समय 2 किलो प्रति हेक्टेयर की दर से जैविक खाद डालें ।

 

2. Pradhan Mantri Matsaya Sampatha Yojana 


 

(PMMSY) has been recently approved by the Union Board of MInisters. This scheme will be valid from the financial year 2020-21 until the financial year2024-25. The scheme will be valid in all the states and  Union Territories for 5 years.  It is a  scheme to bring about the Blue Revolution through the sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries section in India. The Pradhan Mantri Matsaya Sampatha Yojana (PMMSY) will be implemented as a scheme with two separate Components namely (a) Central Sector Scheme (CS) and (b) Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

It has 3 main objectives:

a) Enhancement of Production and Productivity

b) Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Management

c) Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework

Its Benefits Include:

i. Address the potential in the fisheries sector and realize its potential.

ii. Augmenting fish production and productivity at a sustained average annual growth.

iii. Improving the availability of certified quality fish seed and feed.

iv. Creation of critical infrastructure including modernization.

v. Boost to investments in the fisheries sector and increase of competitiveness of fish and fisheries products.


 

3.Now non-agriculturist can also buy agricultural land in Karnataka   

A new amendment in land reforms of Karnataka has been made known as Karnataka Land Reforms Ordinance 2020. Under this amendment sections that were responsible for the restrictions on the ownership of agricultural land in Karnataka like 63, 79A, 79B and 79C have been removed.

According to Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961 agricultural land could be only owned by agriculturists that too only for agricultural purposes but this amendment now enables any non-agriculturist party to buy agricultural land in the state.

Earlier this amendment faced a lot of opposition as according to Congress party and different Farmer Organisations this amendment may end up causing damage to the farmers of the state. But the government defended this amendment by stating that the old act not only benefited the officials who used it to harass farmers but also ceased the implementation of new technologies on this land that may have raised the agricultural profile of the state.


 

4.Reduced Size of International Indian coffee market.

Usually, a large part of Indian coffee production around 70% gets exported to the European market. But because of some wrongdoing, the survival of Indian coffee in the market is getting tougher. The other competitor countries like Vietnam, Uganda and Brazil have lowered the price of their products due to which the market space is reduced for Wayanad, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu coffee growers there.

Brazil is the leading coffee seller and now with such a great harvest, it has also lowered the price of coffee giving a tough competition to others. Similarly, Vietnam and Uganda have also done the same. It all has resulted in a 27.6 % fall in Indian coffee sales of the January -June from 50,513 tonnes last year to 36,547 in this year. This all has made the Indian coffee producer situation slightly depressing.

The similar move of lowering the price is the reason behind India sharing the pepper market with Vietnam and Indonesia. It is expected that the same pattern can also be seen in other International markets with some other crops aa s target.


 

5.इफको कंपनी की आय 2019 -20 में 6 प्रतिशत बढ़ी। 


 

सहकारी उर्वरक कंपनी इफको ने वित्त वर्ष 2019 -20 के वृद्धि आदि के आंकड़े जारी कर दिए है। इस वित्त वर्ष में कंपनी का शुद्ध लाभ 20 प्रतिशत की वृद्धि के साथ 1,005 करोड़ रुपए दर्ज़ हुआ, कंपनी को वित्त वर्ष 2018 -19 में 841.58 करोड़ रूपए का शुद्ध मुनाफा कमाया था। 

कंपनी ने यह जानकारी भी दी की इस समिक्षावधि में उनकी आय 6 % बढ़कर 29,412 करोड़ रुपए दर्ज़ हुई है, पिछले वर्ष इफको की आय 27,851.74 करोड़ रुपए थी।

अगर इफ्को समूह के संयुक्त उपक्रमों, अनुषंगियों और सहयोगी कंपनियों की आय को जोड़े तो कुल आय 57,778 करोड़ रुपए दर्ज़ हुई, पिछले वर्ष यह 50,908 करोड़ रुपए रही थी।

कंपनी के मैनेजिंग डायरेक्टर (प्रबंध निदेशक) श्री यू एस अवस्थी कहते है ‘‘इफको के 2019-20 में इस असाधारण प्रदर्शन पर मैं बहुत खुश हूं। वैश्विक और आर्थिक चुनौतियों के बीच कंपनी का यह परिणाम काबिलेतारीफ है।''

यह भी बता दें वित्त वर्ष 2019-20 में कंपनी का कुल उर्वरक उत्पादन 91.42 लाख टन रहा, 2018-19 में यह 81.49 लाख टन रहा था।

 

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