The cultivator is a farm implement used to stir soil.
13 Nov, 2020
The cultivator is a farm implement used to stir soil. The process of stirring is done either before sowing or after the seeds germinate and small plants start growing. The latter process is done to kill the weeds that hinder the crop growth and former is done to aerate the soil and prepare a smooth loose seedbed.
Here we are giving you five important tips that you can follow to purchase the best cultivator for your farm.
A cultivator is any of several types of farm implement used for secondary tillage. One sense of the name refers to frames with teeth, that pierce the soil as they are dragged through it linearly.Cultivators stir and pulverize the soil, either before planting (to aerate the soil and prepare a smooth, loose seedbed) or after the crop has begun growing .Unlike a harrow, which disturbs the entire surface of the soil, cultivators are designed to disturb the soil in careful patterns, sparing the crop plants but disrupting the weeds.
If you are fed up by the issue of weeds and your only aim to purchase cultivator is to destroy weeds then row crop cultivator can be a good choice. It is even better in case you are following a row pattern in farming. The cultivator will work without destroying your actual crop.
Secondly, you should analyse your area that you need to cultivate using a cultivator and accordingly select the cultivator. Because it is not advisable for you to invest in something more than required.
If you are investing your amount in purchasing a specific implement or machine than you would definitely wish that you can able to complete maximum agricultural tasks from that Product and hence your Cultivator must be able to accomplish certain tasks like stirring of soil and weed removal and your decision to buy a particular cultivator should depend on this.
The type of crop you are growing is also a very key point to keep in mind while purchasing the best cultivator for your farm. There are different cultivators that serve your purpose in horticulture, or any other kind of farming.
Last but not the least analyse your source for driven the cultivator. If you are having a tractor that can attach such implements then purchase accordingly or you are going to drive it through ox-carts. Because it matters and therefore your decision should be after analysing these points.
The cultivator is one of the very essential implements used in agriculture and hence every farmer once in a while undergoes through a problem of this unwanted confusions and dilemma. The best way to get rid of all these is to analyse your requirements and sources and then decide wisely. There is a wide range of cultivators available in the market of distinct brands with varying prices. It totally depends on what you are looking for and what will result in your favour.
There are several companies that manufacture and sell cultivators and the list include Mahindra, John Deere, Sonalika, Landforce, Captain, Lemken, Khedut, Soil Master, FieldKing and many more. All these renowned brands manufacture a variety of cultivators and you can purchase the one that suits your requirements and is affordable for you.
Cultivators of the toothed type are often similar in form to chisel plows, but their goals are different. Cultivator teeth work near the surface, usually for weed control, whereas chisel plow shanks work deep beneath the surface, breaking up hardpan. Consequently, cultivating also takes much less power per shank than does chisel plowing.
Small toothed cultivators pushed or pulled by a single person are used as garden tools for small-scale gardening, such as for the household's own use or for small market gardens. Similarly sized rotary tillers combine the functions of harrow and cultivator into one multipurpose machine.
Cultivators are usually either self-propelled or drawn as an attachment behind either a two-wheel tractor or four-wheel tractor. For two-wheel tractors they are usually rigidly fixed and powered via couplings to the tractors' transmission. For four-wheel tractors they are usually attached by means of a three-point hitch and driven by a power take-off (PTO). Drawbar hookup is also still commonly used worldwide. Draft-animal power is sometimes still used today, being somewhat common in developing nations although rare in more industrialized economies.
To the extent that cultivating is done commercially today (such as in truck farming), it is usually powered by tractors, especially row-crop tractors. Industrial cultivators can vary greatly in size and shape, from 10 feet (3 m) to 80 feet (24 m) wide. Many are equipped with hydraulic wings that fold up to make road travel easier and safer. Different types are used for preparation of fields before planting, and for the control of weeds between row crops. The cultivator may be an implement trailed after the tractor via a drawbar; mounted on the three-point hitch; or mounted on a frame beneath the tractor. Active cultivator implements are driven by a power take-off shaft. While most cultivator are considered a secondary tillage implement, active cultivators are commonly used for primary tillage in lighter soils instead of plowing.
Field cultivators are used to complete tillage operations in many types of arable crop fields. The main function of the field cultivator is to prepare a proper seedbed for the crop to be planted into, to bury crop residue in the soil (helping to warm the soil before planting), to control weeds, and to mix and incorporate the soil to ensure the growing crop has enough water and nutrients to grow well during the growing season. The implement has many shanks mounted on the underside of a metal frame, and small narrow rods at the rear of the machine that smooth out the soil surface for easier travel later when planting. In most field cultivators, one-to-many hydraulic cylinders raise and lower the implement and control its depth.
The main function of the row crop cultivator is weed control between the rows of an established crop. Row crop cultivators are usually raised and lowered by a three-point hitch and the depth is controlled by gauge wheels.Sometimes referred to as sweep cultivators, these commonly have two center blades that cut weeds from the roots near the base of the crop and turn over soil, while two rear sweeps further outward than the center blades deal with the center of the row, and can be anywhere from 1 to 36 rows wide.
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